Top Physiotherapy Colleges in India 2023: Rankings, Courses, Admission & Exams

Top Physiotherapy Colleges in India 2023: There are over 500 physiotherapy colleges in India, and some of the top physiotherapy colleges in India according to the IIRF Physiotherapy Ranking 2023 include Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya National Institute for Persons with Physical Disabilities, New Delhi; IMS BHU - Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University; PGIMER Chandigarh - Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research; and SDM College of Physiotherapy, Dharwad.

Physiotherapists study the science of movement. They learn to analyze the root cause of pain or injury and then provide treatment accordingly. There  are some of the best physiotherapy colleges in India that provide good education in this field of medical science at diploma, undergraduate, postgraduate, and doctoral levels. Physiotherapy, also known as physical therapy, is a healthcare profession focused on helping individuals recover from injuries, manage chronic conditions, improve physical function, and enhance overall well-being. In India, physiotherapy courses are offered at various educational institutions, and they prepare students to become skilled and qualified physiotherapists. Here is an overview of physiotherapy courses in India:

Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT):
  • Duration: Bachelor's in Physiotherapy is typically a 4.5-year undergraduate program, including a mandatory 6-month internship.
  • Eligibility: Candidates should have completed 10+2 with Biology as a subject and meet the specific eligibility criteria set by individual colleges or universities.
  • Curriculum: These programs at the top physiotherapy colleges in India for BPT cover a wide range of subjects, including anatomy, physiology, kinesiology, biomechanics, and clinical subjects such as orthopedics, neurology, and cardiopulmonary rehabilitation.
  • Internship: Students are required to complete a supervised internship in various clinical settings to gain practical experience.
Master of Physiotherapy (MPT):
  • Duration: MPT is a 2-year postgraduate program that offers specialization in areas such as orthopedics, neurology, sports, pediatric physiotherapy, and more.
  • Eligibility: Candidates should hold a BPT degree and fulfill any additional admission requirements set by the specific institution.
  • Curriculum: MPT programs at the top physiotherapy colleges in India for MPT focus on advanced clinical skills, research methodologies, and specialized knowledge in the chosen field of study.
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Physiotherapy:
  • Duration: Ph.D. programs in physiotherapy typically take 3-5 years to complete and involve original research in a specific area of physiotherapy.
  • Eligibility: Applicants must have a master's degree in physiotherapy or a related field and meet the research and admission criteria of the respective institution.
Diploma and Certificate Courses:In addition to degree programs, many top physiotherapy colleges in India offer diploma and certificate courses in specialized areas of physiotherapy, such as sports rehabilitation, geriatric physiotherapy, and manual therapy.

The best private Physiotherapy colleges in India provide a solid foundation in both theory and practical skills, enabling students to make a positive impact on the health and well-being of individuals across the country. As the demand for healthcare services continues to rise, the role of physiotherapists in India is becoming increasingly important.

Branches and Specializations

Physiotherapy is a wide area of study in medical science, and it is divided into many specializations and branches. Some of the specializations and branches offered by the top govt physiotherapy colleges in India are mentioned below.

Cardiovascular and pulmonaryClinical electrophysiologyGeriatric
Wound managementNeurologyOrthopaedics
PediatricsSportsWomen's health
OncologyIntensive Care Unit (ICU)Veterinary Medicine
Occupational Therapy  

Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy:

Specializes in treating conditions related to the musculoskeletal system, such as joint pain, sports injuries, arthritis, and orthopedic rehabilitation.

Neurological Physiotherapy:

Focuses on the rehabilitation of patients with neurological disorders, including stroke, traumatic brain injury, spinal cord injury, and conditions like Parkinson's disease.

Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Physiotherapy:

Concentrates on patients with heart and lung conditions, such as cardiac rehabilitation for post-heart surgery or heart attack patients and respiratory care for individuals with lung diseases.

Sports Physiotherapy:

Involves working with athletes to prevent, diagnose, and treat sports-related injuries, enhance performance, and provide pre- and post-event care.

Pediatric Physiotherapy:

Specializes in treating children with various conditions, including developmental delays, cerebral palsy, and congenital disorders.

Geriatric Physiotherapy:

Focuses on the elderly population, addressing age-related issues like arthritis, mobility challenges, and balance problems.

Women's Health and Obstetric Physiotherapy:

Specializes in providing physiotherapy care to women, including prenatal and postnatal care, pelvic floor rehabilitation, and managing conditions like urinary incontinence.

Orthopedic Physiotherapy:

Similar to musculoskeletal physiotherapy, it deals with orthopedic conditions, joint disorders, and post-operative rehabilitation.

Hand Rehabilitation:

Concentrates on hand and upper limb conditions, including injuries, surgeries, and conditions like carpal tunnel syndrome.

Community Physiotherapy:

Involves working in community health settings, promoting fitness, preventing injuries, and providing care to underserved populations.

Clinical Biomechanics:

Focuses on analyzing and understanding the mechanics of human movement and how they affect injuries and rehabilitation.

Manual Therapy:

Specializes in hands-on techniques such as joint mobilization, manipulation, and soft tissue techniques for pain relief and improved function.

Sports Science and Medicine:

Combines physiotherapy with sports science to provide comprehensive care to athletes, including injury prevention, performance enhancement, and rehabilitation.

Research and Academia:

Involves pursuing research in physiotherapy-related fields and teaching at the top physiotherapy colleges in India.

Occupational Health Physiotherapy:

Focuses on promoting the health and well-being of employees in the workplace, addressing ergonomic issues, and preventing work-related injuries.

The Major Highlights of the Physiotherapy Courses

  • Treating injuries prevents bigger problems, and it is done by the physiotherapist. It is needed in every sector of society.
  • Physiotherapists are required in every sport at national and international level.

Eligibility Criteria

The candidates need to fulfill the following eligibility criteria to get admission into top physiotherapy colleges in India. Some of the mandatory eligibility criteria are mentioned below for DPT, BPT, and MPT.

For Diploma (DPT) :

  • The candidates need to pass the 10+2 examination from a recognized board of education with physics, chemistry, and biology as their primary subjects.
  • The candidates need to score at least 50% in their 10+2 examinations.
  • The candidates need to score the cutoff marks in the qualifying examinations.

For UG (BPT) :

  • The candidates need to pass the 10+2 examination from a recognized board of education with physics, chemistry, and biology/life science as their primary subjects with at least 50% marks.
  • You must pass entrance tests like the Common Entrance Test (CET), GGSIPU CET, and another entrance test to get admission to the top physiotherapy colleges in India.


For PG (MPT) :

  • The candidates must have completed their undergraduate course (BPT) from top physiotherapy colleges in India for BPT.
  • The candidates have to score at least 50% marks at the undergraduate level.
  • The candidates are required to do at least a six month internship before getting enrolled in the PG course.
  • The candidates have to score the cutoff marks in the qualifying examination.

Admission procedure

Admission procedures for top physiotherapy colleges in India can vary depending on the level of the course (undergraduate or postgraduate). Physiotherapy programs in India are typically offered at both undergraduate (BPT - Bachelor of Physiotherapy) and postgraduate (MPT - Master of Physiotherapy) levels. Here's a general overview of the admission procedures:

  1. Undergraduate (BPT):

The students need to follow these procedures if they want to get enrolled into top physiotherapy colleges in India for BPT.

Eligibility: To be eligible for a BPT program, candidates usually need to have completed their 10+2 or equivalent examination with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as mandatory subjects. Some colleges may also require candidates to have a minimum percentage in these subjects.

Entrance Examinations: Several states and universities in India conduct entrance examinations for admission to BPT programs. Common entrance tests include:

  • NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test)
  • CET (Common Entrance Test) specific to the state or university

Direct Admissions: Some private colleges and universities offer direct admissions based on merit in the 10+2 examination. They may have their own criteria for selection.

Counseling: After clearing the entrance exams, candidates are usually required to participate in counseling sessions, where they can select their preferred colleges and courses based on their ranks.

  1. Postgraduate (MPT):

Candidates who wish to get admission to the top physiotherapy colleges in India for MPT need to follow the procedure given below.

Eligibility: To be eligible for MPT programs, candidates should have completed a BPT degree from a recognized institution. They may also require a specific percentage or grade in the BPT program.

Entrance Examinations: Some institutions and universities conduct entrance exams for MPT admissions. These exams may assess candidates' knowledge in physiotherapy or related subjects.

Direct Admissions: In some cases, MPT admissions are done on a merit basis, considering the candidate's performance in the BPT program.

Counseling: Similar to BPT, candidates who clear the entrance exams may need to participate in counseling sessions to select top physiotherapy colleges in India.

3. DPT (Diploma in Physiotherapy):

DPT programs are diploma courses that are typically shorter in duration than BPT programs. The admission criteria may vary by institution, but candidates generally need to have completed their 10+2 education.

4. PhD in Physiotherapy:

For admission to a Ph.D. program in physiotherapy, candidates usually need to have a master's degree in physiotherapy or a related field from one of the top physiotherapy colleges in India for MPT. The admission process typically involves an interview and/or research proposal submission.

It's important to note that admission procedures and eligibility criteria can change from year to year and may vary between top physiotherapy colleges in India. Therefore, it's advisable to check the specific admission requirements and deadlines of the institution or university where you intend to apply. Additionally, keep an eye on official notifications and websites of relevant entrance exams for the most up-to-date information.

Top Physiotherapy Entrance Examinations

There are various entrance examinations that are held all over the country for admission to the best physiotherapy colleges in India. Some of the top private physiotherapy colleges in India also conduct their own entrance examinations for admission to each course. Some of the important entrance examinations are mentioned below.

CMC Vellore TestSt. John’s Entrance TestJamia Hamdard Entrance Test
UGC NET examNIPER Ph.D. Entrance ExamAIMA Entrance exam
AIIMS ParamedicalJIPMER ParamedicalNational Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET)

NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test):

NEET is a national-level entrance examination conducted for admission to undergraduate medical and dental courses, including the Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT). Many states and private colleges consider NEET scores for BPT admissions. The exam is widely accepted in most of the top government physiotherapy colleges in India.

CET (Common Entrance Test):

Several states in India conduct their own CETs for admission to BPT courses. State CETs are specific to each state and are used by government and private institutions within that state for admissions. Examples include:

  • MH-CET (Maharashtra Common Entrance Test) for Maharashtra
  • AP-EAMCET (Andhra Pradesh Engineering, Agriculture, and Medical Common Entrance Test) for Andhra Pradesh
  • KEAM (Kerala Engineering, Architecture, Medical) for Kerala


AIIMS B.Sc. (Hons.) Nursing Exam:

The All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) conducts an entrance examination for admission to its B.Sc. (Hons.) Nursing program. AIIMS also offers a Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT) program, and some candidates may opt for this route. Apart from AIIMS, some of the best private physiotherapy colleges in India also offer admission on this entrance exam.

JIPMER B.Sc. Allied Health Sciences Entrance Exam:

The Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER) is one of the top govt physiotherapy colleges in India and conducts an entrance exam for admission to various undergraduate programs in allied health sciences, including BPT.

IPU CET (Indraprastha University Common Entrance Test):

Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University (GGSIPU) in Delhi conducts IPU CET for admission to various courses, including BPT and MPT.

PUCET (Panjab University Common Entrance Test):

Panjab University conducts PUCET for admission to its BPT program.

CMC Vellore Entrance Exam:

Christian Medical College (CMC) in Vellore conducts its own entrance examination for admission to various medical-related courses, including BPT.

Manipal University Online Entrance Test (MU OET):

Manipal University conducts MU OET for admission to various health science programs, including BPT and MPT.

AMU Entrance Exam:

Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) conducts entrance exams for its various undergraduate and postgraduate programs, including BPT.


The syllabus for physiotherapy courses in India can vary depending on the level of the course (BPT - Bachelor of Physiotherapy, MPT - Master of Physiotherapy, DPT - Diploma in Physiotherapy, or Ph.D. in Physiotherapy) and the top 10 physiotherapy colleges in India offering the program. However, I can provide you with a general overview of the typical subjects and topics covered in physiotherapy courses at various levels:

Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT):

AnatomyStudy of the human body's structure, including the musculoskeletal, nervous, cardiovascular, and respiratory systems.
PhysiologyUnderstanding the normal functioning of body systems and organs.
BiochemistryBasic principles of biochemical processes and their relevance to physiology.
BiomechanicsStudy of the mechanics of the human body, including movement and motion analysis.
PathologyExamination of diseases and their effects on the body.
PharmacologyUnderstanding of drugs and their applications in physiotherapy.
MicrobiologyStudy of microorganisms and their relevance to health and disease.
General MedicineBasic knowledge of common medical conditions and their management.
General SurgeryBasic surgical principles and their relevance to physiotherapy.
Exercise TherapyTechniques for designing and implementing therapeutic exercises for rehabilitation.
ElectrotherapyUse of electrical modalities for therapeutic purposes.
OrthopedicsEvaluation and management of musculoskeletal disorders and injuries.
NeurologyStudy of neurological conditions and rehabilitation techniques.
Cardiopulmonary RehabilitationRehabilitation of cardiac and respiratory patients.
Community-Based RehabilitationUnderstanding the role of physiotherapy in community health.
Research MethodologyIntroduction to research techniques and methodologies.
Clinical TrainingPractical training in clinical settings to apply knowledge and skills.

Master of Physiotherapy (MPT):

MPT programs allow students to specialize in specific areas of physiotherapy. The syllabus varies based on the chosen specialization but typically includes advanced coursework, research, and clinical training in areas like:

  • Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy
  • Neurological Physiotherapy
  • Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Physiotherapy
  • Sports Physiotherapy
  • Pediatric Physiotherapy
  • Geriatric Physiotherapy
  • Women's Health and Obstetric Physiotherapy
  • Orthopedic Physiotherapy
  • Hand Rehabilitation
  • Community Physiotherapy
  • Research and Biostatistics

Diploma in Physiotherapy (DPT):

DPT programs are shorter in duration and provide foundational knowledge in physiotherapy. The syllabus includes subjects similar to BPT but with less depth and specialization.

Ph.D. in Physiotherapy:

Ph.D. programs focus on advanced research in specific areas of physiotherapy. The syllabus is highly research-oriented and includes coursework in research methodology, statistics, and advanced topics related to the chosen research area.

Please note that the specific syllabus can vary from one university or institution to another. It's advisable to check with the top 10 physiotherapy colleges in India offering the program for the most accurate and up-to-date information on the syllabus and course structure. Additionally, the syllabus may evolve over time to incorporate new developments and research in the field of physiotherapy.


The average fees for physiotherapy courses in India can vary significantly depending on factors such as the level of the course (Bachelor of Physiotherapy - BPT, Master of Physiotherapy - MPT, Diploma in Physiotherapy - DPT), the type of institution (government or private), and the location of the college or university. Below, I provide a general idea of the average fees for physiotherapy courses in India:

BPT (Bachelor of Physiotherapy):

  • Government Colleges: The tuition fees for BPT programs in government colleges are relatively lower. On average, the annual fees can range from INR 5,000 to INR 50,000 or even less, depending on the state and institution.
  • Private Colleges: In private colleges, the annual tuition fees for BPT programs can vary significantly, typically ranging from INR 50,000 to INR 2,00,000 or more. Some prestigious private institutions may have higher fees.

MPT (Master of Physiotherapy):

  • Government Colleges: MPT programs in government colleges are generally more affordable than private institutions. The annual fees can range from INR 10,000 to INR 50,000 or more, depending on the specialization and institution.
  • Private Colleges: Private institutions often charge higher tuition fees for MPT programs. Annual fees can vary widely, typically ranging from INR 50,000 to INR 3,00,000 or more, depending on the specialization and the institution's reputation.

DPT (Diploma in Physiotherapy):

  • Diploma programs are usually shorter in duration and are offered by a variety of institutions, including government and private colleges. The fees for DPT programs can range from INR 10,000 to INR 1,00,000 or more per year, depending on the type of institution and location.

It's essential to note that these fee ranges are approximate, and the actual fees may vary from one institution to another. Additionally, fees can change over time due to inflation and other factors.

Scholarships and financial aid options may be available to eligible students at both government and private institutions. Government scholarships and reserved quotas for specific categories of students (e.g., SC/ST/OBC) can significantly reduce the cost of education.

Prospective students should research and compare the fee structures of different colleges and universities offering physiotherapy courses to make informed decisions about their education. Additionally, students should consider other expenses, such as accommodation, books, and living costs, when planning their budget for physiotherapy education in India.

Careers Scope

The students have a bright future after completing their physiotherapy course from the top 10 private physiotherapy colleges in India, as the demand for physiotherapists is very high and they are playing a crucial role in maintaining the health of society and curing their injuries. Some of the professions, recruiting areas, and top recruiters are mentioned below.


Defense Medical EstablishmentsCustomer Care AssistantExercise Physiologist
Sports Physio RehabilitatorPhysiotherapistOsteopath
ProfessorSelf-Employed Private Physiotherapist/FreelancerTherapy Manager
Sports PhysiotherapistPersonal Fitness ConsultantsChief Medical Health Officer (CHMO)

Employment Areas

Health InstitutionsHospitals and Nursing HomesPhysiotherapy Equipment Manufacturers
Fitness CentersSchools for Mentally Challenged and Physically Disabled ChildrenOrthopedic Departments
Sports Training FacilitiesHigh-Performance Sports centersRehabilitation Centers for the handicapped
Educational InstitutionsPharma IndustryPrivate and Government Sectors

Top Recruiters

Quantum Physical Therapy and Wellness CenterAIIMSSports Authority of India
Max Healthcare Institute LtdSGT UniversityCentral Reserve Police Force (CRPF)
Dr. Lal PathlabsIndo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP)Talwalkars Better Value Fitness Limited
Jamia HamdardGD Goenka UniversityIndian Air Force
Apollo HospitalsPortea MedicalKIMS Hospital
Urban Clap  

Given that it is one of the best and most well-known professions, physiotherapy has a huge future in both India and abroad. The employment opportunities in this field are demanding while also being fascinating. A career in this field is a fantastic option for you if you are interested in treating patients' physical dysfunctions. The emphasis of the course is on imparting both theoretical and practical knowledge.

Read: Top Universities in IndiaTop Engineering Colleges in IndiaTop MBA Colleges in India


What is physiotherapy, and what do physiotherapists do?

Physiotherapy is a healthcare profession focused on improving and maintaining physical function and mobility. Physiotherapists help patients recover from injuries, surgeries, or physical disabilities.

What are the different levels of physiotherapy courses available in top 10 private physiotherapy colleges in India?

In India, you can pursue Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT), Master of Physiotherapy (MPT), Diploma in Physiotherapy (DPT), and Ph.D. in Physiotherapy.

What is the duration of a typical physiotherapy course in top 10 government colleges in India?

BPT programs usually last for 4.5 to 5.5 years, while MPT programs typically span 2 years. DPT programs are shorter, and Ph.D. programs vary in duration.

What are the eligibility criteria for BPT (Bachelor of Physiotherapy) admission?

Typically, candidates need to have completed 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. Some institutions may require a minimum percentage in these subjects.

Are there any entrance exams for BPT admissions?

Yes, various states and universities conduct entrance exams. NEET is also accepted by some institutions.

Can I pursue physiotherapy after completing my 12th grade, and if so, what subjects are required?

Yes, you can pursue BPT after 12th grade with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as mandatory subjects.

How can I prepare for BPT entrance exams in India?

Prepare by studying the relevant syllabus, practicing previous years' question papers, and enrolling in coaching classes if needed.

What is the admission process for BPT programs in government colleges?

It typically involves clearing the state or national entrance exam, followed by counseling based on exam ranks.

What are the fees for physiotherapy courses in India?

Fees vary widely depending on the course, institution, and location. On average, BPT fees range from INR 10,000 to INR 3,00,000 per year.

Are scholarships available for physiotherapy students?

Yes, there are government scholarships and financial aid options for eligible students. Some institutions also offer merit-based scholarships.

What subjects are covered in BPT programs?

Subjects include Anatomy, Physiology, Biomechanics, Pathology, Exercise Therapy, and Clinical Training, among others.

Can I specialize in a specific area within physiotherapy during my MPT program?

Yes, MPT programs offer specializations such as Musculoskeletal, Neurological, Cardiovascular, and more.

What are the job prospects for physiotherapists in India?

Physiotherapists can work in hospitals, clinics, sports organizations, schools, rehabilitation centers, and even as freelance practitioners.

Do I need to register with any regulatory body to practice as a physiotherapist in India?

Yes, it's essential to register with the respective state's physiotherapy council or the Indian Association of Physiotherapists (IAP).

Can I work abroad as a physiotherapist after completing my education in India?

Yes, many countries recognize Indian physiotherapy degrees. You may need to meet specific licensing requirements in the destination country.

Are there opportunities for international internships during physiotherapy courses in India?

Some institutions offer international exchange programs and internships, providing exposure to global practices.

What are the eligibility criteria for a Ph.D. in Physiotherapy?

Typically, you need a master's degree in physiotherapy or a related field and may have to clear an entrance exam and interview.

How long does it take to complete a Ph.D. in Physiotherapy?

The duration can vary but usually takes around 3-5 years, including research work and thesis submission.

Are physiotherapy courses in India recognized internationally?

Yes, many Indian physiotherapy programs are recognized and respected globally.

How can I verify the accreditation of a physiotherapy institution in India?

Check if the institution is affiliated with a recognized university and if it's approved by the respective state's physiotherapy council or the Indian Association of Physiotherapists (IAP).