Master of Science (M.Sc): Overview, Courses, Eligibility Criteria, Admission, Fees, Subjects, Placement & FAQs

Master of Science

The Master of Science (M.Sc) degree program is a two-year postgraduate degree program. M.Sc degrees are available in a variety of specialized science subjects throughout India, including Biology, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Biotechnology, Microbiology, Botany, Environmental Sciences, Life Sciences, Food Sciences, and many others.

At the entrance level, an M.Sc degree requires both scientific and professional ability.

  • It provides advanced theoretical as well as practical information to students in their chosen specialty. Students often pick their focus based on the topic they studied in high school.
  • M.Sc admissions are often determined through entrance tests.
  • Some of the most common admission tests include CUET, BITSAT, CUSAT CAT, and BHU PET.
  • M.Sc costs in elite universities often range between INR 6,450 and INR 1.10 lakhs.
  • Some of the more popular MSc colleges include St. Stephen’s College, Fergusson College, and St. Xavier’s Colleges.
  • After earning an M.Sc, students can pursue further study or work for institutions such as DRO, ICMR, and ISRO.

M.Sc Course Highlights

M.Sc Full FormMaster of Science
M.Sc Course Duration2 Years
M.Sc EligibilityB.Sc.
M.Sc Admission CriteriaEntrance Exams and Merit-based
M.Sc SpecializationsChemistry, physics, botany, mathematics, biology, computer science, microbiology, food sciences, and other disciplines are covered.

Also Read: Top Engineering Colleges in India


M.Sc is an excellent choice for those seeking additional training in a science or engineering subject. You can specialize in a variety of disciplines with an M.Sc degree, some of which are mentioned below:

M.Sc. in PhysicsM.Sc. in Biotechnology
M.Sc. in EconomicsM.Sc. in Atmospheric Science
M.Sc. in Biological SciencesM.Sc. in Electronics
M.Sc. in ChemistryM.Sc. in Environmental Science
M.Sc. in MathematicsM.Sc. in Meteorology
M.Sc. in Information TechnologyM.Sc. in Geology
M.Sc. in Clinical PsychologyM.Sc in Zoology
M.Sc. in Organizational LeadershipM.Sc in Botany


After finishing their bachelor’s degree, students will be admitted to the Master of Science (M.Sc) program. You can choose your courses based on your interests. The M.Sc program offers a variety of specializations

  • M.Sc. is a two-year program with four semesters. Students can take this course once they have graduated. To be eligible for admission to the MSc program, candidates must have a minimum of 50-60% in their graduation. However, the proportion fluctuates from institution to college, based on the policies of the institute to which an applicant is applying.
  • Candidates for a Master of Science degree must have a bachelor’s degree in Science from a recognized institution or college.
  • This course has no age restrictions; anybody can study it once they complete their degree or even later.

M.Sc Admissions

Most universities and colleges in the nation admit applicants to M.Sc programs based on their achievement in the entrance exam. Several universities hold their own admissions examinations. Candidates are contacted for counseling and further admission once the results of the entrance tests are announced.

How can I apply for admission?

Students must pass an entrance exam to be admitted to M.Sc programs. Some colleges provide admission without entrance tests, instead relying on academic performance and personal characteristics.

Top M.Sc Exams

IIT JAM stands for Joint Admission Test for Master’s Degrees. IIT JAM is one of India’s most important entrance examinations for M.Sc. degree programs. Candidates seeking admission to M.Sc. programs at IITs and IISC. Aside from the IITs, numerous National Institutes of Technology (NITs) and Centrally Funded Technical Institutes (CFTIs) accept IIT JAM scores for admission. On a rotating basis, the IITs administer this exam on behalf of the MHRD each year.

NEST: The National Entrance Screening Test (NEST) is a national-level exam held jointly by the National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER) in Bhubaneswar and the Mumbai University – Department of Atomic Energy Centre for Excellence in Basic Sciences (UM-DAE CEBS) in Mumbai for admission to integrated M.Sc. programs at the institutes. Candidates who pass the test will be accepted into the integrated M.Sc. Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics, and Physics curricula that are available.

DUET: The Delhi University Entrance Test (DUET) is a national-level test for individuals seeking admission to M.Sc. programs at Delhi University. The admission test is administered online once a year. M.Sc. Anthropology, M.Sc. Forensic Science, M.Sc. Botany, M.Sc./M.Sc.- Ph.D. Combined Degree degree – Biomedical Sciences, M.Sc. Environmental Studies, M.Sc. Biochemistry, M.Sc. Electronics, M.Sc. Genetics, M.Sc. Informatics, M.Sc.


M.Sc Top Colleges in India have average fees ranging from INR 6,460 to INR 1.10 Lakhs. Distance education for M.Sc courses is also available in India. M.Sc course fees range between INR 10,000 and 40,000. Aspirants can acquire direct admission to M.Sc Distance Education colleges.

Students with an M.Sc degree can either continue their academic career by pursuing a Ph.D. or work in M.Sc-related occupations like project support, junior research fellow, lab manager, patent associate, regulatory affairs specialist, and so on. The average income after completing a Master of Science program is between INR 3 LPA and INR 5 LPA.

Many colleges in India offer Master of Science programs at the postgraduate level in various specializations. Below is the list of top colleges/universities in India according to NIRF rankings offering M.Sc which candidates can consider during their admissions:

Top 10 M.Sc Colleges in India

College NameFeesOverall NIRF Ranking
IIT MadrasINR 46,141
IIT BombayINR 1 LPA3
IIT DelhiINR 85,8004
IIT KanpurINR 41,0005
IIT KharagpurINR 41,8306
IIT RoorkeeINR 43,0007
IIT GuwahatiINR 50,7008
IIT HyderabadINR 52,29014
IIT IndoreINR 96,60031
IIT DhanbadINR 96,20038

M.Sc Syllabus

M.Sc programs are available in a variety of specializations. Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Biology, Computer Science, Environmental Sciences, Biotechnology, Microbiology, Statistics, Life Sciences, and Food Sciences are some of the most popular M.Sc specializations.

The curriculum of an M.Sc course is determined by the specialization chosen by the candidate. An overview of subjects covered in some of the most popular M.Sc specializations is provided below:

M.Sc Physics Course Curriculum

Mathematical MethodsClassical MechanicsAdvanced Optics
Quantum MechanicsClassical ElectrodynamicsAtomic and Molecular Physics
Solid State PhysicsElectronicsAdvanced Quantum Mechanics
Atomic SpectroscopyNuclear and Particle PhysicsMolecular Spectroscopy
Relativity and CosmologyComputer Applications in PhysicsAstrophysics
Radiation TheoryStatistical Mechanics

 M.Sc Chemistry Course Curriculum

Inorganic ChemistryOrganic ChemistryClassical and Statistical Thermodynamics
Physical ChemistryAnalytical ChemistryMacromolecules
Inorganic Reaction Mechanism and OrganometallicsOrganic Reactions MechanismsTransition and Non-transition Metal Chemistry
Principles of SpectroscopyOrganic Synthetic MethodsModern Techniques and Scope of Chemical Biology
Chemistry of MaterialsNuclear & RadiochemistryConcepts in Organic Synthesis
Computational ChemistryAdvanced Quantum ChemistryGroup Theory and Spectroscopy
Chemical Dynamics and ElectrochemistryApplications of SpectroscopyAdvanced Chemical Kinetics and Electrochemistry

M.Sc Mathematics Course Curriculum

Advanced Abstract AlgebraReal AnalysisAdvanced Analysis
Advanced Differential EquationDifferential GeometryComplex Analysis
Dynamics of a Rigid BodyLinear AlgebraSpecial Functions
TopologyTheory of OperationsNumeral Analysis
HydrodynamicsFluid DynamicsMeasure and Integration
MechanicsGeneral Measure TheoryGeometry of Numbers
Matrix AnalysisVector Analysis

M.Sc Biology Course Curriculum

Genes and GenomicsMetabolism and MetabolomicsClinical Immunology
(Organismic Biology and Cell BiologyMolecules of living systemsIntroduction to Pharmacology
Proteins and ProteomicsRecombinant DNA TechnologyPlant physiology
Cell BiologyMethods in Applied SciencesRecent Advances in Biology
MicrobiologyBiochemistryMolecular Oncology and Molecular Medicine
Biostatistics and BioinformaticsResearch Methodology and IPRGenetic
Animal physiologyComputational biology and bioinformaticsCatalysis
Biophysics and structural biology


An M.Sc degree holder may expect to earn between Rs. 25k and Rs. 35k per month. Many organizations in both areas give M.Sc degree holders a greater wage package.

Salaries will also vary depending on the job, the size of the firm, the industry, the location, the qualifications, and many other factors. Good experience in this profession might help you acquire a good wage.

Career Scope

M.Sc degree holders typically specialize in a specific topic. They can progress into a variety of careers based on their studied subject. This degree offers a wide range of applications, and M.Sc graduates have several options. M.Sc degree holders in Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and Information Technology are now in great demand. Other fields are likewise in high demand in the private sector. An M.Sc degree holder can work in both the public and commercial sectors. Education, defense, the public sector, the automotive and aerospace sectors, healthcare, materials, technology, computers, energy, and information technology are all possible careers for M.Sc degree holders. Some colleges and universities hire M.Sc graduates as professors or lecturers. They can also do research on a variety of businesses. After earning your M.Sc degree, you can pursue advanced studies such as research programs or Ph.D. programs.

Job ProfileAverage Annual Salary (in INR)
Research Scientist9 lakh
Junior Research Fellow3.7 lakh
Mathematician9.3 lakh
Biochemist2.2. lakh
Food & Drug Inspector2 lakh
Chemical Analyst2.4 lakh
Teacher2.5 lakh

Course Scope

Because of the excellent employment options accessible after completing the course, pursuing an M.Sc is one of the greatest alternatives for students who have finished their diploma in Science. M.Sc degree holders are specialized in their subject, and there are a variety of professions available to them based on their studied specialism. M.Sc graduates are needed in the education, defense, automotive, and aerospace sectors, as well as the public sector, healthcare, materials, computers, technology, energy, and information technology disciplines. M.Sc graduates can pursue professions in the following fields: teaching, research, banks, railways, other government sectors, and the private sector.

FAQ’s Related to M.Sc

Q. Which M.Sc program in India is the best?

Ans. Because an M.Sc is an academic postgraduate degree, any M.Sc course is best for a student based on their interests and the professional options they wish to pursue after an M.Sc Some of the most popular Master of Science programs in India are M.Sc Biology, M.Sc Chemistry, M.Sc Applied Physics, M.Sc Economics, M.Sc Statistics, M.Sc Computer Science, M.Sc Biochemistry, MSc Biotechnology, and so on.

Q. What are the benefits of M.Sc courses?

Ans. An M.Sc is a postgraduate academic degree that should only be pursued if you are interested in research and academia. Although it is not a professional degree, M.Sc graduates have numerous and diversified employment opportunities in government, business, and the public sectors. The degree assists in establishing a high-level profession in the field in which you have finished your M.Sc study.

Q. How can I join ISRO after completing my M.Sc?

Ans. One can join ISRO after completing a Master of Science degree in Physics, Math, or a related field. The fundamental requirement is 65% in a relevant course. Following that, candidates must pass an entrance exam administered by the ISRO Centralized Recruitment Board (ICRB) in order to be considered for the organization’s open posts.

Q. What is the minimum age requirement for M.Sc admission in India?

Ans. There is no specific age limit for pursuing a Master of Science program, however, graduation from a comparable course from a recognized institution or university is required.

Q. Can I take GATE after finishing my M.Sc?

Ans. GATE tests primarily give admission to M.Tech programs at IITs, NITs, and other institutions. However, it is also a crucial consideration when selecting top-level positions in companies such as NTPC, ONGC, and others. In brief, after obtaining your MSc degree, you are entitled to take the GATE test.

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