Doctor of Medicine (M.D): Overview, Courses, Eligibility Criteria, Admission, Fees, Subjects, Placement, Scope & FAQs

Doctor of Medicine (M.D) is a postgraduate degree that requires students to study medicine in depth. It is a 3-year program that prepares medical graduates to investigate, prevent, diagnose, and treat adult illnesses. A person with an MBBS degree might pursue an M.D degree to get training in a specialty of choice. Pediatrics, gynecology, obstetrics, ophthalmology, and dentistry are among the specialties. Graduates should be aware that admission to the M.D program in many colleges is awarded by the National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test PG, abbreviated as NEET PG. Colleges that do not fall under the purview of the aforementioned exam, on the other hand, have their entrance standards.

M.D, or Doctor of Medicine, is a study of various diseases and their causes, as well as their consequences. MD is a Postgraduate degree that may be obtained after completing MBBS and a necessary one-year internship. The study focuses on major scientific topics such as Anatomy, General Medicine, Radiotherapy, and so on.

Grant Medical College, TATA Memorial Centre, AIIMS, Jamia Hamdard University, Maulana Azad Medical College, and others are among the best MD colleges. The average price is likely to be approximately INR 1 Lakh.

Students who have completed their M.D are offered positions as Medical Pathologists, General Physicians, Bacteriologists, Anaesthesiologists, Chiropodists, and so on at some of India’s finest health institutions such as hospitals, research labs, pathology labs, pharmaceutical companies, educational institutes, and so on.

Candidates for M.D studies must have obtained their MBBS from an ICMR-approved accredited institute. Candidates must also have completed a one-year required internship.

Admission to M.D programs is based on the results of admission tests. Candidates must pass any of the entrance examinations – NEET PG, INICET, and so on – in order to be admitted to MD programs.

Course Highlights

Course typePost-Graduation
Course Duration3 Years
Course Examination TypeSemester
Course EligibilityCleared Post-Graduation from a recognized university
Course Admission processBased on an Entrance Examination
Course FeeINR 50,000 to INR 10,00,000
Course Average SalaryINR 2,00,000 to INR 10,00,000
Top Recruiting SectorsHospitals, Laboratories, Colleges, Research Institutes, etc.
Job PositionMedical pathologists, professors, bacteriologists, anesthesiologists, general practitioners, chiropodists, and other professionals.

Also Read: Top Engineering Colleges in India


Community medicinePalliative MedicineTropical Medicine
Aerospace MedicineMarine MedicineRadiotherapy
Forensic MedicinePhysical Medicine & RehabilitationGeriatrics
AnatomyMedical GeneticsRespiratory Medicine
Family MedicinePsychiatryHealth Administration
AnesthesiologyMicrobiologySports Medicine
Emergency MedicinePharmacologyRadio diagnosis
BiochemistryNuclear medicineImmunohematology and Blood transfusion
BiophysicsPaediatricsInfectious Diseases
General MedicinePhysiologyPulmonary medicine
Dermatology, Venereology & LeprosyPathologyHospital Administration

Eligibility Criteria

Aspirants must meet the eligibility conditions established by the authorities in order to pursue MD. The qualifying criteria include a combination of educational credentials, registration, and an internship requirement, among other things. It should be mentioned that in order to qualify for NEET PG admission, candidates must meet the NEET PG eligibility requirements.

  • Candidates must have a valid MBBS degree from a recognized medical college or institute in India or abroad.
  • Admission to all medical courses in India is determined by the NEET entrance examination. Candidates must obtain a NEET-PG score/rank in order to be admitted to one of the MD specialties MD is a postgraduate degree in India.
  • The qualifying examination’s minimum aggregate score requirement differs per institution; consequently, all candidates should study the eligibility criteria given by the college of their choosing.

Those seeking admission to AIIMS, JIPMER, or any other institute where NEET PG results are not required can check their eligibility below.

NEET PG M.D Eligibility Criteria

  • Aspirants must have an MBBS degree or a temporary MBBS pass certificate as prescribed by the Indian Medical Council Act of 1956.
  • Candidates must have a permanent or provisional registration certificate from the MCI or the State Medical Council demonstrating their MBBS credentials.
  • Graduates must also have completed one year of internship or finish it by March 31 of the admission year.

AIIMS PG M.D Eligibility Criteria

  • Medical graduates must have an MBBS degree in order to participate in the MD program. The degree must be approved by the Medical Council of India (MCI) or the Dental Council of India (DCI) (DCI)
  • Candidates must finish a 12-month rotatory internship.
  • Medical graduates must get a minimum of 50% in aggregate if they are SC/ST – PwBD, and 55% if they are OBC – PwBD in all of their MBBS/BDS professional examinations.

JIPMER M.D Eligibility Criteria

  • An MBBS or other comparable degree from the MCI or State Medical Council is necessary (SMC)
  • Candidates must have completed or will finish a 12-month rotatory internship.
  • The minimum qualifying marks for General (UR)/Sponsored/Foreign Nationals (FN)/Other Backward Classes (OBC)/Economically Weaker Section (EWS) are 55% and 50%, respectively, for Scheduled Castes (SC)/Scheduled Tribe (ST).

PGIMER M.D Eligibility Criteria

  • Candidates must hold a valid MBBS degree from a Medical Council of India-accredited university or institute (MCI).
  • In addition, applicants must have completed a one-year rotatory internship.

Admission Procedure

Candidates who wish to study medicine at one of India’s medical colleges must first meet the eligibility requirements. The results of the NEET-PG tests, which are held for practically all PG medical programs in India, are used to determine admission to the course.

MD Medicine requires the NEET-PG exam. Admissions to the class of 2022 will be based on counseling sessions held by the appropriate organization across India. All candidates must first take a NEET-PG test that is valid for the year they want to start the program. Following the release of the NEET-PG results, the MD admission procedure will commence with the release of the merit list.

According to the NEET-PG selection procedure, applicants will be given admission to MD programs through the NEET-PG Counselling Process. Students will be required to select a course and a college where they wish to study it. The NEET PG merit list and the number of vacancies available in the particular course and college will be used to allocate candidates to MD Medicine colleges and programs.

Fees Structure

The MD Medicine Syllabus prepares students to become doctors who can deliver top-notch medical treatment. Through training and lab work, students will also do research on numerous MD topics. The cost of an MD in medicine varies between INR 2000 and INR 20,000 at government colleges. And in private universities, MD course costs range from INR 10,000,000 to INR 50,000,000.

An MD graduate’s starting salary is typically approximately INR 6,50,000 per year. Since MD graduates are needed in many fields, it is anticipated that this industry would grow and create an increase in jobs. MD graduates make about the same as MBBS doctors do in terms of pay.

Subjects & Syllabus

The MD syllabus covers a wide range of themes and courses such as hematology, clinical pathology, community medicine, ophthalmology, and so on, and is spread out across 6 semesters or 3 years. The curriculum is nearly identical in all Indian institutions and colleges. The standard MD syllabus is as follows.

Semester 1Semester 2
Applied basic science knowledgeBiostatistics and clinical epidemiology
Diseases with reference to General MedicineDiagnostic investigation and procedures
Recent advances in Medicine——-
Semester 3Semester 4
Monitoring seriously ill patientsAbility to carry out research
Counseling patients and relativesWard patient management
Ability to teach undergraduate studentsOPD patient management
Semester 5Semester 6
Long and short topic presentationsJournal conferences
Ward rounds, case presentations, and discussionsPG case presentation skills
Clinico-radiological and clinicopathological conferencesResearch review


MD Medicine students have a variety of job options. They might work as doctors and research scholars at research and educational institutes. They can be hired to work at a well-established hospital or clinic. Military services and biotech industries also hire MD Medicine postgraduates. Pharmaceutical firms are also looking for experienced and expert MD Medicine postgraduates. If you wish to establish your own business, you can open a chemist store and dispense medications.

At the outset of his or her career, an MD graduate may expect to earn roughly INR 6,50,000 per year. Because MD graduates are needed in a variety of fields, this industry is predicted to grow, resulting in an increase in employment. MD graduates get a salary comparable to MBBS doctors.

Job ProfileAverage Annual Salary (INR)
General Practitioner7,20,000

Course Scope

MD program graduates can not only call themselves MBBS/MDs, but they can also explore some intriguing professional prospects. It is true that an MD has greater long-term job chances. Following the completion of the degree, an MD graduate has many major job options.

Government Jobs : It not simple, but they are also not impossible. Candidates who complete the course are eligible to apply for MD positions in the government sector. These government employees will pay well and provide a slew of additional advantages. Candidates would be glad to learn that the UPSC holds many Doctor recruitment tests in which MD-qualified physicians can compete.

Clinical Setup : MD graduates have the option of opening their own clinic. After establishing a clinic, applicants can create their own regulations at their leisure. The beginning may not be ideal, but if you persevere, your future will certainly be safe and secure.

Private Jobs : Due to the ever-increasing need and scarcity of medical practitioners, there are a big number of MD jobs available in the private sector that are continually looking for MD specialist doctors.

Non-Governmental Organization (NGO): If you want to help the poor and needy, NGOs are the finest solution. Also, you must note that not all jobs in NGOs are unpaid as some will pay u well. If you think you’ve got the guts for it, go for it.

Further Studies: For an MD degree holder, this is never an option; it is always a choice. However, this does not imply that it is not a viable alternative. It is fantastic if you decide to continue your studies and add additional feathers to your cap. However, candidates must keep in mind that their super-specialty option will depend depending on the concentration they choose while getting their MD.

FAQ’s Related to Doctor of Medicine (M.D)

Q. What does M.D entail?

Ans. M.D is a postgraduate professional program designed to assist prospective students to become experts in their chosen subject. Candidates who choose the M.D program become experts and recognized figures in their respective fields of study.

Q. What are the M.D Admissions Exams?

Ans. A candidate seeking admission to M.D can take any of the NEET PG, JIPMER PG, AIIMS PG, and so on.

Q. Can I get into M.D programs without taking an entrance exam?

Ans. Candidates seeking admission to M.D programs must take at least one of the entrance tests. Candidates can take the NEET PG, the results of which are generally acknowledged.

Q. Can I study medicine in the United States after obtaining my MBBS in India?

Ans. In general, the degree M.D is regarded as an undergraduate in the United States, therefore someone with an MBBS in India is equal to someone with an M.D in the United States. If candidates wish to practice medicine in the United States, they must first pass the USMLE test.

Q. Is a Ph.D. more valuable than an M.D?

Ans. Both the Ph.D. and the M.D degrees are highly valued. Only after submitting your dissertation and thesis will you be awarded a Ph.D, whereas the M.D degree is concerned with patient care.

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