Career Options After Law in India – Everything You Need to Know
Law is a massively popular degree, and widely known one too. It is pursued by many as it has a good scope in the future, and impressive salary and innumerable career options. Of course, the process of obtaining an LLB is extremely rigorous: it generally spans into a 5-6 year course. This is because one needs to complete a bachelor’s program before pursuing LLB. Students can also choose to do an integrated course after 12th, there are multiple options available: BA, LLB, BCom LLB, BSc LLB and so on.
Generally people are only aware of law jobs in the courtroom: lawyers and advocates and judges. However, there are so many other options available for law students. All of these are highly in demand and have an excellent scope, here’s a list of some career options available after the completion of LLB:
- Human Rights Lawyer: Human rights is an incredibly fragile topic, one that requires an ardent amount of sensitivity. Human rights is also something that will continue to be an issue in demand twenty years down the line. Human Rights Lawyers advocate for the rights of marginilised communities, these include but are not limited to women’s rights, child’s rights, the LGBTQ+ community. This requires one to get a Juris Doctor (JD) before actively pursuing concerned cases.
- Corporate Lawyer: A corporate lawyer is responsible for the legal work of a corporation or company. Companies generally have business partnerships and huge transactions happening day-in and day-out. There are agreements that need to be created and signed almost everyday. A corporate lawyer generally produces these papers and ensures that there are no loopholes. It is also seen that corporate cases very rarely end up in court, this is because a corporate lawyer will solve judicial issues through mediation or arbitration—without a formal hearing in court.
- Legal Process Outsourcing: This is a field that is still being explored, and has a lot of scope due to the lack of knowledge that people have in this area. LPO is an alternative career path for law students. Legal outsourcing refers to offshoring—a firm passes on their case to an exterior law firm. This is generally done by countries where it is costlier to perform legal work, and given to countries where it is cheaper: primarily India. The work passed on is generally document-related, patent-related, agency work, legal research and writing and so on.
- Legal Researcher: This is a job best suited for people who enjoyed the entire process of obtaining an LLB degree, moreover the people who enjoy reading and researching, and have excellent analysis and critical skills. A Legal Researcher is generally hired by a litigation lawyer for advice on cases. They study past cases and from that understanding, they help in solving present cases. Apart from courtooms legal researchers are also needed in industries and agencies, hospitals, private businesses and even armed forces.
- Legal Advisor: A legal advisor, as the name suggests, is someone who provides advice to clients on legal documents, decisions, policies and so on. They can be parts of corporations or work independently. Apart from a law degree, one needs to obtain a certificate from the state in which they practice to become a Legal Advisor.
While these are alternate career paths that a law student can pursue, some common and well-known careers after LLB or LLM are:
- Litigation Lawyer: These are the ones we see in movies, with their black robes. These are trial lawyers and handle criminal as well as civil cases in courts. A Litigation Lawyer generally starts off as an assistant to a renowned lawyer, or in a firm. Eventually, Litigators become independent and charge as per their experience.
- Judge/Magistrate: A judge is an extremely sought-after career due to the respect, power and position it hold. However, it is just as difficult to become a Judge. They hold judgments and pass verdicts. Becoming a judge happens through nominations and requires several years of experience.
- Advocate: An advocate can practice law at District, State, Central and Supreme Courts. This is another extremely sought-after profession. The difference between a lawyer and an advocate is that an advocate is enrolled in the state bar council after having cleared the All India Bar Examination (AIBE).
Of course, today there are lawyers in many other fields: including business, teaching, government services, social works, policy development and so on. The scope is limitless, therefore a degree in Law is in demand today.